Benefits of children’s fitness
Children need at least one hour of physical activity everyday ranging from moderate exercise to vigorous exercise, bone- strengthening activities promotes bone growth and strength that a child will need as they go on their journey through to adulthood. Children’s fitness not only gives children a healthy way of living and improves health but also boosts their self-esteem, channels aggression, maintains a healthy weight and improves their mental state that can help them feel more ready to learn in school. Exercise also provides the key ingredients to having a good night’s sleep which is also the essential ingredient to having a much healthier lifestyle.
Consequences of obesity in childhood
Obese children are more likely to develop a variety of health problems as adults, these include cardiovascular vascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, disability, different types of cancers such as Colon, breast cancer and endometrial cancer. Children with obesity are bullied and teased more than their normal weight peers, and are more likely to suffer from social isolation, depression, and lower self-esteem.
Childhood Obesity and Deprivation
Children living in deprived areas are substantially more likely to be obese. Among reception (age 4-5) children, 5.5% of those in the least deprived areas are obese compared with 12.5% of those in the most deprived areas. In Year 6 (age 10-11), 11.7% of children in the least deprived areas are obese, compared with 26.0% in the most deprived areas.
Sir Michael Wilshaw Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Education, Children’s Services and Skills and head of Ofsted from 2012 to 2016 said:
Physical education is part of every child’s entitlement to a good education. Generally, PE in our schools is in good health, but there are some issues the report highlights as areas for improvement. In particular, we found there often wasn’t enough physical, strenuous activity in PE lessons. Some teachers talked for too long and pupils were not provided with enough activity to enable them to learn or practice their skills.